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Fikret Isik

Interim Co-Director of the NCSU Cooperative Tree Improvement Program

Partners Building II 2524

Bio

Education

B.S. Istanbul University (1982)
M.S. Istanbul University (1986)
Ph.D. Akdeniz University (1998)

Research Interests

Quantitative genetics; genetic basis of disease resistance of forest trees; application of molecular markers in tree breeding; genomic selection; tree breeding strategies, conservation of forest genetic resources.

Courses

FOR 726 – Advanced Topics In Quantitative Genetics and Breeding (in Autumn, even years)
FOR 728 – Quantitative Forest Genetics (in Spring, odd years)

Area(s) of Expertise

Quantitative Genetics, Genomic Selection, Forest Tree Breeding, QTL Mapping

Publications

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Grants

Date: 01/01/20 - 12/31/24
Amount: $74,382.00
Funding Agencies: NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services

Loblolly pine is the most abundant commercially grown tree species in North Carolina with over 100,000 acres of pine plantations established each year in the state. In addition to the conventional forest products industry, loblolly pine serves as a promising source for renewable energy in the form of woody biomass. Large genetic differences exist for growth, disease resistance, and stem form. By planting genetically superior trees with desirable traits, it may be possible to substantially increase the amount and quality of biomass produced at a given site. The goal of this project is to evaluate different planting stock (families) in combination with different thinning regimes in order to inform forest landowners how best to maximize their returns when supplying both the bioenergy and sawtimber markets. This project was initiated in 2012, with the planting of a high spacing density (1037 trees/acre) long-term field trial in the NC Piedmont. The trial includes 10 of the best Coastal and 10 of the best Piedmont families with varying degrees of adaptation, growth, and wood characteristics. Different thinning regimes will be explored using eight year measurements, and the predicted financial returns from the thinnings as well as projected sawtimber production will be evaluated.

Date: 03/01/19 - 2/29/24
Amount: $500,000.00
Funding Agencies: US Dept. of Agriculture - National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA)

Intensively managed pine plantations in the South are the major source of wood and fiber in the world. The farmgate value of timber and fiber production ranks only behind corn in the USA. Our group (Cooperative Tree Improvement Program) has over 60 years of history in working with stakeholders to support the sector by genetic improvement of pines. The objectives of this research are i) test the utility of genomic selection in loblolly pine, ii) discover alleles conferring fusiform rust disease resistance and iii) train professionals for routine applications of genomics in tree breeding. A specific population of loblolly pine has been developed over two generations to test the genomic selection concept. An Affymetrix 50K SNP array, currently under development, will be used for large scale genotyping. Bulked-segregant analysis and next-generation high-throughput RNA sequencing will be used to discover fusiform rust resistance genes. Resistance genes will be mapped using artificial inoculations on segregating pine seedling families. Disease symptoms will be associated with variants discovered from RNAseq analysis. Large sample sizes will allow for high-resolution mapping of genes conferring resistance to fusiform rust. If successful, sequence variants diagnostic for rust resistance can be converted to Affymetrix probes and included on the 50K SNP array. The results from genomic selection may have a profound effect in loblolly pine breeding. Genomic selection could replace time-consuming field experiments, reducing the tree improvement cycles from 15 years to 7 and doubling genetic gain in wood and fiber production from pine plantations in the southern US.

Date: 07/06/20 - 12/31/20
Amount: $12,160.00
Funding Agencies: Pepsico, Inc.

PepsiCo wishes to have a short-course on AS-REML taught to a few employees (5-7).

Date: 01/01/17 - 12/31/19
Amount: $147,779.00
Funding Agencies: NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) is the primary woody bioenergy feedstock for North Carolina. There are over 2.6 million acres of pine plantations in NC, and almost all have been established with loblolly pine genotypes from the NCSU Cooperative Tree Improvement Program. The 5-year-old Loblolly Pine Biomass Genetics/Cropping Study at the NCDA&CS Umstead Farm at Butner, NC is a unique field laboratory where we are evaluating the genetic differences in traits that impact biomass/bioenergy traits. In this field trial, we planted 10 of the best Coastal and 10 of the best Piedmont loblolly pine varieties with varying degrees of adaptation, growth, and wood characteristics. At age 3 years, Coastal families grew faster but suffered more cold damage and stem malformations than the better adapted Piedmont families. Funding is sought to continue this critical experiment and to better understand the genetic basis of variation in biomass/biofuel traits and improve pine varieties for biomass production. Trees will be at the ideal age to collect wood samples and measure density, strength, and moisture content to project dry weight yields and biomass/bioenergy value.

Date: 11/01/15 - 10/31/19
Amount: $370,000.00
Funding Agencies: US Dept. of Agriculture - National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA)

Timber is one of the most economically important crops in the US in farm gate value, ranking only behind corn. The goal of the project is to bring genomics to forest tree breeding to sustainably increase timber, fiber, and biofuel feedstock production. Publicly funded research projects have produced vast genomic resources for loblolly pine. We aim to discover informative SNPs from sequence databases using bioinformatics and organize in a publicaly accessible database. Leveraging the pine SNP database, we will establish PineSNPchip consortium to bring the tree breeding/forest genetics community together to design SNP arrays (see 20 letters of support). The consortium will then negotiate with genotyping centers to genotype large volumes of samples (>12K) in order to lower genotyping costs. The Cooperative Tree Improvement Program at NC State University has developed a loblolly pine population for implementation of genomic selection since 2006. Cooperative funds will be used to genotype ~6000 trees using PinSNPchip. The predicted ability of markers for growth and disease resistance will be estimated using Bayesian statistical models. Two workshops will be developed to train professionals with skills sets to use genomic tools in tree breeding. The workshops will be open to all plant/animal breeders. If successful, genomic selection will be a paradigm shift in pine breeding. We expect the research results will have a broader impact. Pine genome is large (~24Gb) and complex. The methods develop in this project could be extended to crops and horticultural species with complex genomes.

Date: 08/01/11 - 6/30/18
Amount: $3,920,212.00
Funding Agencies: US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)

The goal for this partnership is to plant, develop and document the information and tools needed to demonstrate the sustainable production of biomass for bioenergy across the Southern US. Specifically, this program will develop and demonstrate sustainable, flexible, integrated biomass production solutions that create innovative deployment scenarios to reliably produce and supply biomass feedstocks that are optimized for performance in leading conversion technologies. Research and development activities will target specific barriers in each step of the supply chain that are identified as critical to regional economic and/or environmental sustainability. Education, extension and outreach activities will be integrated so that the results of this work will reach target audiences with appropriate real-world examples.

Date: 09/01/11 - 11/30/17
Amount: $2,242,115.00
Funding Agencies: US Dept. of Energy (DOE)

Plant cell walls are the essential components of feedstocks for biomass based liquid fuel alternatives to petroleum. The secondary cell walls of woody plants contribute greatly to biomass and are targets for improving potential feedstocks. In the application of systems biology to development of new biofuels, as in any complex biological process, predictive modeling is the central goal. We propose to use a systems approach with genome based information and mathematical modeling to advance the understanding of the biosynthesis of the plant secondary cell wall. To do this, we will use multiple transgenic perturbations and measure effects on plants using advanced quantitative methods of genomics, proteomics, and structural chemistry. The combination of quantitative analysis, transgenesis, statistical inference and systems modeling provide a novel and comprehensive strategy to investigate the regulation, biosynthesis and properties of the secondary cell wall.

Date: 11/30/-1 - 2/28/17
Amount: $3,832,779.00
Funding Agencies: US Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)

Pine plantation forestry in the southeastern US is an important part of the regional economy, as well as the regional carbon budget. Climate changes over the coming decades have the potential to affect the productivity and carbon-cycling functions of these plantations. This research proposal is a combined effort by forestry researchers from several disciplines to conduct trans-disciplinary research, integrate analysis of data, provide an information base and generate a set of tools that will be useful to land owners and managers in the region. The project will also educate the next generation of forest scientists to address the challenges facing the southeastern US forestry sector, and transfer technology to the private sector to assist with rural economic development.

Date: 01/01/15 - 12/31/16
Amount: $81,165.00
Funding Agencies: NC Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services

Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) can be a major bioenergy feedstock for North Carolina, because over 100,000 acres of pine plantations are established each year in the state. In the NCSU Cooperative Tree Improvement Program, substantial genetic differences exist in loblolly pine for growth, disease resistance, and stem form. Such variation provides an opportunity to dramatically increase the amount and quality of biomass produced by planting varieties with desirable biomass/bioenergy traits and developing optimal plantation management regimes. In January/February 2012, we established a long-term field trial at the NC Department of Agriculture Umstead Farm at Butner, NC. We planted 10 of the best Coastal and 10 of the best Piedmont varieties with varying degrees of adaptation, growth, and wood characteristics. Coastal families will likely be faster growing than the Piedmont families but may be less well adapted to this Piedmont site. By planting the higher-risk Coastal material, we can evaluate the risk/reward balance of producing high-quality bioenergy feedstock. Funding is sought to obtain biometric data at years 3 and 5 and to manage this long-term experiment to its initial harvest/thinning around 2022 and final harvest around 2037.

Date: 09/15/09 - 9/30/15
Amount: $3,722,841.00
Funding Agencies: National Science Foundation (NSF)

Lignin is a unique and complex phenylpropanoid polymer, important in plant development and response to environment. We propose to advance our knowledge of lignin biosynthesis by developing a comprehensive pathway model of regulatory and metabolic flux control mechanisms. Our primary tool will be systematic gene specific perturbation in transgenic Populus trichocarpa. We will perturb all 34 known lignin pathway and regulatory network genes in P. trichocarpa using artificial microRNA (amiRNA) and RNAi suppression. From each independent transgenic perturbation, we will obtain quantitative information on transcript and protein abundance, enzyme kinetics, metabolite concentrations, and lignin structural chemistry. Using statistical correlation and path analysis, we will integrate this information to develop a mechanistic-based signaling graph and metabolic flux model for the pathway and its regulation leading to specific lignin structures. This model will reveal regulatory constraints on steady-state flux distributions and show how genes and other process components affect flux activity of lignin precursors, composition, and linkages. In this way, we will provide a systems biology approach to this fundamental pathway. There are few opportunities in higher plants to integrate genomics, biochemistry, chemistry and modeling to develop a comprehensive understanding of biosynthesis and structure of a major component of morphology and adaptation.


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