Area(s) of Expertise
Plant Physiological Ecology, Environmental Science
B.A. Lewis and Clark College (1970)
M.A.T. Lewis and Clark College (1973)
M.A. University of South Dakota (1974)
Ph.D. University of Calgary, Canada (1978)
Plant physiological ecology; Plant responses to air pollution; Plant responses to environmental stresses; Resource use by plants; Plant responses to environmental change; Research includes woody plants, Herbaceous plants, and crop plants.