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Lincoln Larson

Associate Professor

Biltmore Hall (Robertson Wing) 4008L

View CV 



  • B.S., Biology, Duke University
  • M.S., Forest Resources, University of Georgia
  • Ph.D., Natural Resources Recreation and Tourism, University of Georgia

Courses Taught at NC State:

PRT 350 – Outdoor Recreation Management
PRT 500 – Conceptual Foundations of Recreation
PRT 550 – Human Behavior & the Environment

For more information about Dr. Larson’s work, please visit: 

Research Interests:

Dr. Larson uses a variety of social science methods to understand human-environment interactions and address natural resource management and conservation issues. His human dimensions research questions and projects focus on three broad themes (natural resource management and conservation, outdoor recreation and health, and environmental education and stewardship) that are designed to help scientists, land managers, and the general public understand, communicate, and collaboratively respond to emerging challenges facing parks and protected areas. Dr. Larson’s recent work has focused on many different topics including:

  • Parks and protected area management
  • Nature-based recreation, health, and well-being 
  • Community-based conservation and sustainable development
  • Human-wildlife interactions and conflict
  • Environmental education and interpretation

Selected Publications by Research Theme (for a full list of publications, click here):

Natural Resource Management & Conservation

  • Casola, W. R., Rushing, J., Futch, S., Vayer, V., Lawson, D. F., Cavalieri, M., Larson, L. R., & Peterson, M. N. (in press). How do YouTube videos impact tolerance of wolves? Human Dimensions of Wildlife. DOI: 10.1080/10871209.2020.1773582
  • Cooper, C. B., & Larson, L. R. (2020). Advice for collaborations between natural and social scientists: A response to Martin (2020). BioScience, 70(4), 372. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biaa029
  • Sene-Harper, A., Matarrita-Cascante, D., & Larson, L. (2019). Leveraging local livelihood strategies to support conservation and development in West AfricaEnvironmental Development, 29, 16-28. DOI: 10.1016/j.envdev.2018.11.002
  • Holland, K. K., Larson, L. R., & Powell, R. B. (2018). Characterizing conflict between humans and big cats Panthera spp: a systematic review of research trends and management opportunitiesPLoS ONE, 13(9): e0203877. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203877
  • Stedman, R. C., Larson, L. R., Tidball, K. G., Tidball, M., & Curtis, P. D. (2017). Hunting and the local food movement: insights from New York StateWildlife Society Bulletin, 41(4), 720-728. DOI:10.1002/wsb.802
  • Larson, L. R., Lauber, T. B., & Kay, D. L. (2017). Local government capacity to respond to environmental change: Insights from towns in New York StateEnvironmental Management, 60(1), 118-135. doi: 10.1007/s00267-017-0860-1
  • Larson, L. R., Conway, A. L., Krafte, K. E., Hernandez, S. M., & Carroll, J. P. (2016). Community-based conservation as a potential source of conflict around a protected area in Sierra LeoneEnvironmental Conservation, 43(3), 242-252. doi: 10.1017/S0376892916000096
  • Larson, L. R., Decker, D. J., Stedman, R. C., Siemer, W. F., & Baumer, M. S. (2014). Exploring the social habitat for hunting: A comprehensive view of factors influencing hunter recruitment and retentionHuman Dimensions of Wildlife, 19(2), 105-122. doi: 10.1080/10871209.2014.850126
  • Larson, L. R., & Poudyal, N. C. (2012). Developing sustainable tourism through adaptive resource management: A case study of Machu Picchu, PeruJournal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(7), 917-938. doi:10.1080/09669582.2012.667217
  • Sharp, R. L., Larson, L. R., & Green, G. T. (2011). Factors influencing public preferences for invasive alien species managementBiological Conservation, 144(8), 2097-2104. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.04.032

Outdoor Recreation & Health

  • Rosa, C. D., Larson, L. R., Collado, S., Cloutier, S., & Cabicieri Profice, C. (in press). Gender differences in connection to nature, outdoor preferences, and nature-based recreation among young adults in Brazil and the United States. Leisure Sciences. DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2020.1800538
  • Harris, B., Schmalz, D., Larson, L., Fernandez, M., & Griffin, S. (in press). Contested spaces: Intimate segregation and environmental gentrification on Chicago’s 606 Trail. City & Community. DOI: 10.1111/cico.12422
  • Cothran, J. W., Bowker, J. M., Larson, L. R., Parajuli, R., Whiting, J. W., & Green, G. T. (2020). Fee hikes at state parks in Georgia: effects on visitation, revenue, welfare, and visitor diversity. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 38(3), 55-76. DOI: 10.18666/JPRA-2019-9726
  • Rigolon, A., Keith, S. J., Harris, B., Mullenbach, L. E., Larson, L. R., & Rushing, J. R. (2020). More than “just green enough”: Helping park professionals achieve equitable greening and limit environmental gentrification. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 38(3), 29-54. DOI: 10.18666/JPRA-2019-9654
  • Larson, L. R., Szczytko, R., Bowers, E. P., Stephens, L., Stevenson, K. T., Floyd, M. F. (in press). Outdoor time, screen time, and connection to nature: troubling trends among rural youth? Environment & Behavior. DOI: 10.1177/0013916518806686
  • Harris, B., Schmalz, D., Larson, L., Fernandez, M., & Griffin, S. (in press). Contested spaces: Intimate segregation and environmental gentrification on Chicago’s 606 TrailCity & Community. DOI: 10.1111/cico.12422
  • Wilcer, S. R., Larson, L. R., Hallo, J. C., & Baldwin, E. (2019). Exploring the diverse motivations of day hikers: implications for hike marketing and managementJournal of Park and Recreation Administration, 37(3), 53-69. DOI: 10.18666/JPRA-2019-9176
  • Keith, S. J., Larson, L. R., Hallo, J. C., Shafer, C. S., & Fernandez, M. (2018). Greenway use and preferences in diverse urban communities: Implications for trail design and managementLandscape and Urban Planning, 172, 47-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.12.007
  • Harris, B., Larson, L. R., & Ogletree, S. (2018). Different views from the 606: Impacts of an elevated linear trail on crime in ChicagoEnvironment & Behavior, 50(1), 56-85. DOI: 10.1177/0013916517690197
  • Larson, L. R., Barger, B., Ogletree, S., Torquati, J., Rosenberg, S., Johnson Gaither, C., Bartz, J. M., Gardner, A., Moody, E., & Schutte, A. (2018). Gray space and gray space proximity associated with higher anxiety in youth with autismHealth & Place, 53, 94-102. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.07.006
  • Whiting, J. A., Larson, L. R. Green, G. T., & Kralowec, C. (2017). Outdoor recreation motivation and site preferences across diverse racial/ethnic groups: A case study of Georgia State ParksJournal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 18, 10-21. doi: 10.1016/j/jort.2017.02.001
  • Larson, L. R, Jennings, V., & Cloutier, S. A. (2016). Public parks and wellbeing in urban areas of the United StatesPLOS ONE, 11(4), e0153211. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153211
  • Jennings, V., Larson, L., & Yun, J. (2016). Advancing sustainability through urban green space: cultural ecosystem services, equity, and social determinants of healthInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13, 196. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13020196
  • Jennings, V., Larson, L. R., & Larson, C. L. (2016). Ecosystem services and preventive medicine: a natural connectionAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine, 50(5), 642-645. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.11.001
  • Cloutier, S., Larson, L., Jambeck, J., & Scott, N. (2014). Are sustainable cities “happy” cities? Associations between sustainable development and human well-being in urban areas of the United StatesEnvironment, Development & Sustainability, 16(3), 633-647. doi: 10.1007/s10668-013-9499-0
  • Larson, L. R., Green, G. T., & Cordell, H. K. (2011). Children’s time outdoors: Results and implications of the National Kids SurveyJournal of Park and Recreation Administration, 29(2), 1-20. (online access)

Environmental Education & Stewardship

  • Larson, L., Cooper, C., Stedman, R., Decker, D., & Gagnon, R. (2018). Place-based pathways to pro-environmental behavior: Empirical evidence for a Conservation-Recreation ModelSociety and Natural Resources, 31(8), 871-891. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2018.1447714
  • Skupien, G. M., Andrews, K. M., & Larson, L. R. (2016). Teaching tolerance? Effects of conservation education programs on acceptance capacity for the American alligatorHuman Dimensions of Wildlife, 21(3): 264-279. doi: 10.1080/10871209.2016.1147624
  • Larson, L. R., Stedman, R. C., Cooper, C., & Decker, D. J. (2015). Understanding the dimensions of pro-environmental behaviorJournal of Environmental Psychology, 43: 112-124. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2015.06.004
  • Cooper, C., Larson, L., Dayer, A., Stedman, R., & Decker, D. (2015). Are wildlife recreationists conservationists? Linking hunting, birdwatching, and pro-environmental behaviorJournal of Wildlife Management, 79(3), 446-457. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.855
  • Flowers, A. E., Carroll, J. P., Green, G. T., & Larson, L. R. (2014). Using art to assess environmental education outcomesEnvironmental Education Research. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2014.959473
  • Larson, L. R., Whiting, J. W., & Green, G. T. (2011). Exploring the influence of outdoor recreation participation on pro-environmental behavior in a demographically-diverse populationLocal Environment, 16(1), 67-86. doi: 10.1080/13549839.2010.548373
  • Larson, L. R., Green, G. T., & Castleberry, S. B. (2011). Construction and validation of an instrument to measure environmental orientations in a diverse group of childrenEnvironment and Behavior, 43(1), 72-89. doi: 10.1177/0013916509345212
  • Larson, L. R., Castleberry, S. B., & Green, G. T. (2010). Effects of an environmental education program on the environmental orientations of children from different gender, age, and ethnic groupsJournal of Park and Recreation Administration, 28(3), 95-113. (online access)

Other Research Themes (including teaching-related research)

  • Larson, L. R., Duffy, L. N., Fernandez, M., & Sturts, J., Gray, J., & Powell, G. M. (2019). Getting started on the tenure track: challenges and strategies for success. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34(1), 36-51. DOI: 10.1080/1937156X.2019.1589804
  • Fernandez, M., Sturts, J., Duffy, L. N., Larson, L. R., Gray, J., & Powell, G. M. (2019). Surviving and thriving in graduate schoolSCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 34(1), 3-15. DOI: 10.1080/1937156X.2019.1589791
  • Camus, M., Hurt, N., Larson, L., & Prevost, L. (2016). Facebook as an online teaching tool: Effects on student participation, learning, and overall course performance. College Teaching, 64(2): 84-94. doi: 10.1080/87567555.2015.1099093
  • Larson, L. R., & Lovelace, M. D. (2013). Evaluating the efficacy of questioning strategies in lecture-based classroom environments: Are we asking the right questions? Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 24(1), 105-122. (online access)
  • Hurt, N., Moss, G., Camus, M., Bradley, C., Larson, L., Lovelace, M., Prevost, L., Riley, N., & Domizi, D. (2012). The ‘Facebook’ effect: An investigation of college students’ perspectives regarding online discussions in the age of social networking. International Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching & Learning, 6(2), 2-14. (online access)

Grants & Research Projects:

Dr. Larson has served as a principal investigator or co-investigator on many different research projects funded by a variety of agencies and organizations, including:

  • National Science Foundation
  • U.S.D.A. Forest Service
  • U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
  • U.S.D.A. National Institute of Food and Agriculture
  • North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
  • South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
  • New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 
  • Georgia Department of Natural Resources
  • Boy Scouts of American National Foundation
  • National Audubon Society

He has also conducted unfunded research focused on improving teaching and learning at multiple levels ranging from non-formal youth camps to college classrooms.